The tuberculosis (TB) section of the Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents was recently updated. In this revision, the epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment sections for latent TB infection and TB disease were updated to include more recent statistics, diagnostic tests (e.g., IGRAs, Xpert MTB/RIF assay, LAM), and data regarding treatment (e.g., 3HP, when to start ART, new drugs for treatment of drug-resistant TB). In addition, Table 1, Table 2, and Table 3 were updated to include preferred and alternative treatment regimens, and drug-drug interactions with commonly used medications.
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